With a greenhouse, you can enjoy a year-round vegetable garden. It allows you to control the humidity and temperature inside the greenhouse, and it’s also ideal for minimizing pests and diseases. Aside from having a great greenhouse, growing vegetables inside a greenhouse also requires a bit of maintenance.
A greenhouse provides the ideal environment to extend your growing season and provide a year-round boost to your garden. Aside from providing a great place to grow vegetables, it also allows you to expand your plant options.
A greenhouse can offer many benefits to you and your family. It can provide you with a head start on the season, as well as a place to store and enjoy vegetables and flowers.
How To Get The Most Out Of Your Greenhouse
You’ll need to determine how to use your greenhouse space efficiently so that it can accommodate different types of vegetables. One of these ideas is to place them in containers that can be placed on sturdy shelving units.
The lack of pollinators is a vital factor to consider when it comes to making your greenhouse work. Not only will they disappear during the winter, but they may also find it hard to get into the greenhouse in the spring. Having the proper equipment can help keep them busy.
Although most greenhouse owners can grow plants in their facility, some limitations can still cause their plants to stop growing. For instance, the cold seasons can still damage delicate plant leaves and prevent them from harvesting their crops.
Making Plans For A Year-Round Garden
Even if you’re not planning on putting up a heating system this winter, it’s still wise to plant seasonal vegetables in your greenhouse.
Members of the Brassica family include cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, and brussel sprouts.
All members of the Allium family, which includes onions, garlic, leeks, and chives.
Salad greens include spinach, arugula, and lettuce. Some vegetables that are also in the salad family include carrots, beets, and radishes.
By growing vegetables in a greenhouse that has artificial lighting, you can enjoy them throughout the winter season and into the spring.
It’s time to replace the vegetables that don’t do well in greenhouse spaces with plants that can thrive in summer. Some of these include beans, bell peppers, and cucumbers.
Related: Can You Sleep In A Greenhouse?
Seeds should Be Started In A Greenhouse
However, if you want to create strong seedlings, follow a hardening off process, which involves using biodegradable seed pots.
Not all fruits and vegetables are happy with the idea of being transplanted. Some have sensitive roots that can endure the changes in temperature and humidity. This can make the process of getting started a futile one.
You can also start seeds inside a greenhouse to allow them to grow in conditions that are suitable for outdoor gardening. Once they’re ready to transplant, sow another batch of seeds in your garden.
Putting Together A Tropical Greenhouse
If you’re planning on having a tropical greenhouse, make sure that it has the proper ventilation and temperature control to keep it warm. Having a greenhouse that will remain warm will allow you to harvest bountiful harvests.
Depending on the type of greenhouse you’re planning on having, the material should also be made to allow adequate light to enter. It should also have fans that can be opened to allow ventilation.
Aside from having heaters, a fogger, and a cooling system are also necessary for your greenhouse to maintain its humidity levels. It also needs to be well-insulated to prevent its heat from going waste.
Aside from having the proper light, you also need to outfit your greenhouse with grow lights. These lights will allow the plants to receive the necessary amount of sunlight to grow properly.
Plan Your Plantings For Year-Round Harvest
Remember to set a schedule for your annual vegetable planting to allow it to harvest its full potential. It’s important to remember that the exact amount of seeds that you sow will depend on your space.
- Every week, radishes
- Every week, I eat spinach.
- Lettuce: once a week for young greens, once a month for mature size
- Peas: once every ten days
- Bush beans are harvested every ten days.
- Beets are harvested every two weeks.
- Carrots are harvested every three weeks.
- Cucumbers are harvested every three weeks.
- Every three weeks, melon
- Squash in the Summer: Every 30 days
Tomatoes and peppers will keep producing as long as they’re indeterminate. They can also be propagated from seeds and cuttings. You can also grow them from crowns and vegetables.
There are many ways to make sure that your greenhouse produces bountiful harvests year-round.
Greenhouses: Standard vs. Cold Frame
A cold frame greenhouse is ideal for overwintering plants, keeping the soil warm, and producing cool-season vegetables.
Although a cold frame greenhouse is ideal for minimizing heat loss and improving the longevity of plants, it’s also better to keep them inside the structure for the duration of the growing season.
Although these structures can maintain an ideal temperature, they can also cause temperature fluctuations depending on the environment. When used properly, these components can help keep the plants and the garden at an ideal temperature.
Understanding the structure of your greenhouse can help you provide the ideal environment for the plants that you want to grow. This can be done by choosing the type of greenhouse that fits to your needs and structure.
What Kinds Of Plants Can You Grow In A Greenhouse?
When it comes to growing greenhouse plants, choosing the right climate and seasons can make a huge difference.
Winter to Early Spring
When it comes to growing greenhouse plants, start by sowing frost-tolerant crops such as spinach, cabbage, and broccoli. These plants can be planted outdoors as early as 3 weeks before their last frost date.
Once the official season of greenhouse gardening has arrived, you can start growing more tender plants indoors. These plants require at least 8 hours of sunlight a day to thrive.
Summer to Late Summer
Tomatoes, eggplants, and other heat-loving plants should be kept inside their greenhouse during the peak of summer heat to avoid getting damaged by mold and other harmful organisms. Also, make sure that the vents in their structure are designed to allow enough air flow to keep the plants comfortable.
After the summer heat has subsided, it’s time to start preparing for the return of the cool-season crops. This is also the ideal time to start experimenting with different vegetables such as snow peas, turnips, and kale.
5 Things To Think About When Growing Greenhouses All Year
Although many people believe that they can plant year-round in a greenhouse, it’s not always so. Also, they should remember that different methods and systems can produce different results.
1. Greenhouse Building Materials
If you’re planning on building a greenhouse, then make sure to consider the materials used for its construction. There are many plans below that will help you get started.
Year-round growing is different from just using a small greenhouse for seeds. Instead of just using a simple building, you need to make sure that the materials used are sturdy enough to endure the harsh weather.
2. Add Axtra Heating
Aside from being used for insulation, jugs can also help keep the greenhouse warm. They can also absorb the heat and radiate it once the sun has gone down.
To add extra heat to your greenhouse, use organic matter such as leaves and eggs shells. This helps keep the work in the greenhouse running smoothly.
Having the proper heating equipment for a greenhouse is also important for its year-round operation. Some types of heaters can provide a steady temperature, while others can increase a greenhouse’s power bill.
3. Get Rid of Excess Heat
Shades can also be used to help cool the greenhouse during hot days. These can be placed on top of the building and used as blankets or placed on a shelf.
To improve ventilation, avoid over-crowding the greenhouse. Also, make sure that the plants are at least slightly separated from each other to allow air to pass through. An automatic ventilation system can also help keep the greenhouse at a steady temperature.
Having vents in a greenhouse is also important since these can help regulate the temperature inside the structure. They can be found in various locations such as the roof or on the walls.
4. Pests: The Worst Garden Enemy
Since pests are attracted to the plants inside a greenhouse, it’s important to keep a close eye on them. Some of these include whiteflies, aphids, and mites.
If you see pests on some of the plants, try removing them using a variety of manual techniques. Doing so can help prevent the spread of non-flying pests.
Wash the plants with soap to remove pests. If the pests have arrived, they can be transplanted into new soil. Use sticky traps around the plants to keep them from returning.
A simple and effective way to keep pests at bay is by mixing a couple of tablespoons of pepper powder with a cup of vinegar. Then, circle the greenhouse using a single line to ward off the crawling insects and other creatures.
5. Plant Diseases: The 2nd-Worst Garden Enemy
Follow these guidelines to maintain the health of the plants inside the greenhouse. When selecting new plants, make sure to inspect them for diseases and pests before adding them to the facility.
If possible, quarantine the sick plants in the greenhouse. This will help minimize the spread of diseases and make it easier to care for them. Never reuse the soil left over from the transplants.
Unfortunately, diseases can quickly spread in a greenhouse. They can cause half of the plants to die if they are not treated immediately. It’s also important to check the plants’ health to see if they’re being affected by the pests.
Lighting, temperature, humidity, And Watering Are All Things That May Be Controlled In A Greenhouse
By monitoring these elements, you can prepare for the seasonal changes that occur in your greenhouse. During the summer, you will rely on the sun for lighting, while in the winter, you wait to install it.
Position your plants in areas that receive the most natural light during the day. Then, use your lighting system to give them the light they need to grow properly.
Although LED lights are low-cost, they require a high output to perform their intended function. If you live in a cold climate, you should also consider purchasing warming lights.
Having a thermometer inside your greenhouse is a great way to keep track of the temperature in the facility. It will allow you to set the proper temperature to maintain the health of the plants.
Although keeping your greenhouse at a warm temperature is important during the summer, it is also important to consider the need for additional heat during the winter. Having a heating system is also helpful during the cold seasons.
Having insulation in place will also help conserve your electricity bill. Generally, if the temperature gets cold, you should consider adding a heating system.
If you have seasonal vegetables, then you should not rely on additional heat to keep the plants healthy.
The amount of humidity that your plants need depends on their environment and the type of plant that they grow. If they live in a dry climate, try growing plants that are adapted to this environment.
Misting is a great way to provide additional moisture to the plants. However, as the seasons change, you should start noticing the need for more humidity inside your greenhouse.
Depending on the type of plant that you have, you may need to adjust the amount of water that they receive depending on their environment.
If you intend to water manually, then you should start noticing that you need to water less during the winter months. The easiest way to determine if your plants need water is by touching the soil.
Although automatic irrigation systems are commonly used to manage the water flow in a greenhouse, they can be very useful if used on a regular basis.
As the seasons change, many new greenhouse gardeners have questions about what vegetables they should grow year-round. In order to successfully grow these vegetables, you’ll need to adjust various aspects of your greenhouse, such as its lighting, temperature, and growing zone.
This post will also give you some helpful advice on what kinds of vegetables to plant in a greenhouse and how to keep them growing.
Having a greenhouse allows you to enjoy a year-round garden. It can also control the humidity and temperature inside the greenhouse, allowing you to maintain a proper balance of summer and winter.